by U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. in [Washington, D.C.?] .
Written in English
|Statement||by Michael L. Avery, Paul F. Springer, Nancy S. Dailey|
|Contributions||Springer, Paul F, Dailey, Nancy S, United States. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Power Plant Team, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Ecological Sciences Information Center|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||152 p. :|
|Number of Pages||152|
Avian mortality at man-made structures: an annotated bibliography (revised) FWS/OBS 80/54 By: M.L. Avery, P.F. Springer, and N.S. Dailey. Avian electrocution studies, which include both electric transmission structures and electric fences, report bird casualties, examine the circumstances causing death or injury, identify problem locations and lethal structural designs, and recommend design changes to . Get this from a library! Avian mortality at man-made structures, an annotated bibliography. [Michael L Avery; Paul F Springer; Nancy S Dailey; Biological Services Program (U.S.); U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.; HARZA-EBASCO Susitna Joint Venture.]. Reports of such avian mortality at communication towers in North America became common in the s  – . These observations were consistent with the long documented mortality of birds at lights, including lighthouses , light towers , buildings Cited by:
a). The annual losses due to col- lisions with towers have been estimated at to million birds (Aldrich et al. , Banks ) which represents approximately to percent of the total estimated annual avian mortality (Mayfield , Banks ). Per species avian annual mortality at communication towers in central and eastern North America, for species with >1% annual mortality from communication towers. Older names or lumped species groups are used to accommodate taxonomic changes. Status: BCC Birds of Conservation Concern in United by: Annotated Bibliography • 3 January Gleick, Peter H., ed. Water in Crisis: A Guide to the World’s Fresh Water Resources. New York: Oxford University Press, Agriculture consumes most of our freshwater resources for irrigation and food production. For example, each kilogram of corn or wheat produced requires about 1, liters of Size: 31KB. Annotated Bibliography of Published and Unpublished Reports, and Research in Progress Transcripts of Proceedings of the Workshop on Avian Mortality at Communication Towers, Aug , Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Avian mortality at man-made structures: an annotated bibliography. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. FWS/OBS
Avian mortality at man-made structures: an annotated bibliography / by Michael L. Avery, Paul F. Springer, Nancy S. : Michael L. Avery. Get this from a library! Avian mortality at man-made structures: an annotated bibliography (revised). [Michael L Avery; Paul F Springer; Nancy S Dailey; National Power Plant Team.; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.; Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Ecological Sciences . 9B Context of Mortality Caused by Man-made Structures Banks () estimated that approximately 10 billion birds die annually in USA from all causes. Anthropogenic causes accounted for million bird deaths, less than 2% of total mortality. Recognizing these limitations, Banks () recently analyzed avian mortality, including collisions, related to human activities and estimated that .